FROM THE FINAL CALL NEWSPAPER

Interview featuring the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan

By FinalCall.com News | Last updated: Aug 24, 2010 - 9:59:41 PM

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(FinalCall.com) - Author, scholar and national news/talk radio show host, Dr. Michael Eric Dyson hosted the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan in an in depth and powerful interview which touched on his decision to release Volume 2 of The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews as well as other topics.

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Click here to listen to the DysonShow.org interview with the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan.

From politics to pop culture, race matters to the latest writers, The Michael Eric Dyson Show reaches across gender, generational, class, and racial lines to offer a unique and sought-after point of view on issues of concern to all Americans.

FROM THE FINAL CALL NEWSPAPER

Right wing's efforts to claim Dr. King's legacy condemned

By Askia Muhammad -Senior Correspondent- | Last updated: Aug 17, 2010 - 4:01:42 PM

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Beck rally has nothing to do with Dr. King, civil rights, justice or equality, say Blacks

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Photo: AP/Wide World photos
WASHINGTON (FinalCall.com) - On the 5th anniversary of Hurricane Katrina's devastating landfall in New Orleans; the 47th anniversary of the historic 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom; and the 55th anniversary of the savage murder of Emmitt Till near Greenwood, Miss.—on Aug. 28—cable-TV news commentator Glenn Beck has been given a permit to host a rally “Restoring Honor” in the nation's capital.

The event is scheduled for the steps of the Lincoln Memorial where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his historic “I Have A Dream” speech.

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‘I think it ought to be clear, this has nothing to do with the civil rights movement. This has everything to do with the White nationalist movement.’
—Dr. Ronald Walters, Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Maryland

“Join the Special Operations Warrior Foundation, Glenn Beck, Sarah Palin and many more for this non-political event that pays tribute to America's service personnel and other upstanding citizens who embody our nation's founding principles of integrity, truth and honor,” Mr. Beck says, inviting people to the event.

The rally, Mr. Beck states, will “celebrate America by honoring our heroes, our heritage and our future.” Many Black observers disagree. The symbolism of this event is as shocking an inappropriate as former California Gov. Ronald Reagan launching his first presidential campaign in Philadelphia, Miss. the site of the brutal 1964 murder of three civil rights workers, says some critics.

“I think it ought to be clear, this has nothing to do with the civil rights movement,” Dr. Ronald Walters, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Maryland told The Final Call of the planned march. “This has everything to do with the White nationalist movement.

“I use that term because it's the title of a book I wrote on ‘the Right.' So, they're White nationalists. Essentially, what's going on is that this is an opportunity for them to make a stab at what some people have called, ‘taking back their country.'

“And they're taking it back on the vision of King, and progressives, and the good things that this country has stood for. And they're replacing it with a very narrow, narrow-minded vision,” Dr. Walters said.

The Rev. Al Sharpton and his National Action Network are also planning a Washington mobilization on Aug. 28, at Dunbar High School, near downtown.

“But we will in no way be deterred by those dividers like Glenn Beck and other Tea Party members who are attempting to tarnish the legacy of this historic day and our impeccable leader,” the Rev. Sharpton said in a commentary distributed by the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA). “We will not allow them to hijack the dream, nor destroy Dr. King's mission.”

Mr. Beck, who is known for inflammatory rhetoric on his television and radio programs, says the rally is to be followed by “Glenn Beck's Divine Destiny, an eye-opening event at the historic Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. that will help heal your soul. Guided by uplifting music, nationally known religious figures from all faiths will unite to deliver messages reminiscent to those given during the struggles of America's earliest days,” according to Simon Maloy writing for Media Matters.

There will probably be no mass protest or counter-march against Mr. Beck's rally, according to Dr. Walters. The Rev. Jesse Jackson is planning an Aug. 28 march in Detroit, and residents of New Orleans are planning a commemoration of Hurricane Katrina that same day.

Still, Dr. Walters insists, the Tea Party, Glenn Beck and his people, “are not worthy of that date. I think that's what people ought to understand.

“Washington won't be the only site, because people are concerned, not just about Glenn Beck, but about jobs and justice, and that is in the tradition of Dr. King. If we don't do that, then (the Black response) is totally reactionary,” said Dr. Walters.

“Glenn Beck doesn't have a civil rights bone in his body,” commented Pastor Timothy McDonald, a member of the Concerned BlackClergy of Atlanta, which was Dr. King's base of operations and where the center named in his honor stands.

“This march is nothing more than an attempt to hijack and distort the civil rights movement. It is a highjack of the movement, a highjack of its tactics and a highjack of approach,” Rev. McDonald continued.

Mr. Beck's march is a slap in the face of the established legacy of Dr. King and others, but responses to the march should be tempered so that in some way the Beck march appears valid, Rev. McDonald said.

The Rev. Lennox Yearwood will be among those marching in New Orleans the weekend of the Beck march. “Let Glenn Beck, Sarah Palin, and Fox News have Washington, DC on August 28th this year. We shall respond with morality, faith, and love for our country. We will not respond to hate with more hate,” he wrote for GlobalGrind.com.

“What is right is to stand up for justice, to stand up for a sustainable economy, for jobs, for peace, and to stand up for our environment,” he said.

“Glenn Beck and the right wing have a right to conduct their march, said Dick Gregory, the social satirist, comedian, historian, and civil rights advocate who marched with Dr. King. The problem is that Black folks just were not clever enough to book that date 10 years in a row so “that's our fault,” he told The Final Call.

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He said one of the sad parts about it is who announced their march first. “If that (National Action Network) was announced after him (Beck), it means that we weren't planning to celebrate anything and that this is just a reaction to his,” Mr. Gregory continued.

He recalled that the Ku Klux Klan, a White supremacy group known for terrorizing Blacks and people of color, opposed every march they held but they couldn't stop the civil rights marches because they were not illegal. In this case, Glenn Beck had law on his side and even if the Army were called in, it would attack the Blacks and not Mr. Beck, he added.

“It's not reaching too far to think they are attempting to preserve White supremacy and White privilege in this country. Here you have people that have taken King's words and taken them completely out of context to say that he was speaking about all people, but what they're saying is they're going to restore what was, under one hand equality for all people, a non-racial society, what King would have wanted,” explained Dr. William Boone, a political science professor at Clark Atlanta University in Atlanta.

He views the Beck march as a continued 20 year effort to distort Dr. King around and have him suit all people, regardless of whether their purposes reflect what the civil rights leader lived and died for.

It is definitely an attempt to hijack and legitimize the whole anti-social, anti-progressive movement that has occurred in America over 30 years or so, but what people are missing is that Dr. King's dream was for equality and justice for all people, not just the right wing, he said.

Certainly Dr. King argued for a non-racial society, he continued. But a society where there would be equality and justice for everyone as well, and that's what the right wing are overlooking, Dr. Boone said.

“They are overlooking the point that we still have not reached the point of equality quite frankly in terms of public policy. We have not even reached the point of justice for all people regardless of their color,” Dr. Boone told The Final Call.

The right wing is citing Dr. King's message as one that is so universal that it can accommodate their particular end, he said.What Blacks should be doing is reinforcing their own ideas, Dr. Boone said.

He acknowledged Rev. Sharpton's march but said that a counter march gives the Beck march and movement far too much weight and publicity. “Our best bet is to continue todo the kind of work within our community, educating our people, especially people in the 40 and younger threshold, who are very unfamiliar with and are more susceptible to the kind of rhetoric being put out there by Glenn and the Tea Party Group,” he said.

Issues like the Beck march take away from the discussion of why the SCLC is now in turmoil or the NAACP finds itself in question because of decisions by its leadership, Dr. Boone added.“We need to focus on those things,” Dr. Boone told The Final Call.

“I think what ought to happen is, one ought to describe the country that Glenn Beck and them want to place in the place of the King vision,” said Dr. Walters. They've got a party and a Congress of the United States that has said ‘No' to everything that would empower people. That is the vision that is at absolute contradiction to the progressive vision of Dr. King.

“So I think the issue is not the fact that they are being serious about dulling the civil rights movement. The issue is that they are trying to damage that movement, and replace it with a vision that is totally from the right and totally inhuman,” he said.

(Final Call staff Charlene Muhammad and Eric Ture Muhammad contributed to this report.)

Related news:

The Shirley Sherrod debacle brings America face-to-face with race and denial (FCN, 07-28-2010)

Desperate and Insecure, Whites see country slipping away (FCN, 09-15-2009)

FCN Editorial: A prophetic warning and White anger in America (FCN, 09-15-2009)

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FROM THE FINAL CALL NEWSPAPER

Wyclef brings excitement to Haiti's politics

By Eric Ture Muhammad -Staff Writer- | Last updated: Aug 10, 2010 - 10:05:34 AM

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Hip hop artist may have major impact on Haiti politics, but can he pull the country together?

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Haitian-born singer Wyclef Jean, center, greets supporters from the top of a vehicle after submitting the paperwork to run for president of Haiti in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Aug. 5. Photo: AP Wide World Photo/Ramon Espinosa
Does he represent a new political force that can redirect an impoverished nation decimated by earthquake, economic instability, political and possible civil unrest? Or does his candidacy, as claimed by some critics, serve as a front for Western interests seeking to further exploit the poorest nation in the Americas?
(FinalCall.com) - On the streets of Port-au-Prince, Wyclef Jean, the popular musician and founder of the Yele Haiti foundation, formally announced his run for president of the country.

His music career and humanitarian work, have made him well known to Haitians and around the world, but can he bring enough to pull off a victory in the crowded, more experienced political field?

Does he represent a new political force that can redirect an impoverished nation decimated by earthquake, economic instability, political and possible civil unrest? Or does his candidacy, as claimed by some critics, serve as a front for Western interests seeking to further exploit the poorest nation in the Americas?

“I feel like I am being drafted by the population right now to give them a different face, a different voice,” said Wyclef during a televised Aug. 5 interview with CNN, the night of his announcement. “Despite what you are hearing with regards to the tent cities, there is a crowd behind me right now with so much excitement because they feel that hope is on the way,” he said.

A potential frontrunner in Haiti's upcoming Nov. 28 election, Wyclef was surrounded by crowds and placards bearing his name and resemblance as he awaits Aug. 14 clearance from the country's election committee that will officially allow his placement on the ballot. His proof of residency and nationality must be verified.

The Haitian-born and Brooklyn, N.Y.-raised entertainer is attempting a difficult transition—from Grammy-award winning, multimillionaire international recording artist to leader of a nation.

Whoever wins the seat analysts and pundits agree could have the toughest political job in the Western hemisphere—it could also serve as a test for Haiti.

Calherbe Monel, a Haitian American pastor, said discussions in the country reveal three levels of concern about a Wyclef Jean run: One, he has never been a politician. Two, he has no proven political leadership track record in Haiti and lastly, Wyclef is a high school dropout. This places, the highly philosophical, French speaking intellectuals at odds with him, said the pastor. Wyclef speaks English and Creole—not French, the language of her former colonial master.

“Haiti has so many qualified children overseas that can overnight, change the face of Haiti. However, the challenge for him and anyone coming from the Haitian Diaspora is winning over the spirit of a lot of people in Haiti, especially the rich, the bourgeois,” Mr. Monel said.

“They are very arrogant. They think that we in the Haitian Diaspora think we are so empowered, with so much access to resources to really come and change things and they are right. The bourgeois are very afraid of anyone that can come in and balance this power with a connection to the population. Wyclef just happens to be the one used for this. How well will Haiti receive one from her own belly?”

“Mr. Wyclef Jean, hype or not, qualified to run a country or not, that is beside the point,” Elizi Danto, director for Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network told The Final Call. “If the law applies, he simply does not meet the technical requirements to run for president of Haiti. To run he must, according to Article 135 of the Haiti Constitution, have lived in Haiti for a minimum of five years. Wyclef is a legal resident of New Jersey, USA.

“Even if by some stretch, Mr. Jean points to his 2007 appointment as ambassador-at-large by President Preval his ‘residency in Haiti' still falls short. We await the Haiti Electoral Board decision,” said Ms. Danto, who is a supporter of former President Jean Bertrand Aristide.

“Wyclef Jean will join a long list of artists—from Ruben Blades to Vaclav Havel to Fela Anikulapo-Kuti—who intimately understand the importance of culture to political change,” commented Jeff Chang, author of the forthcoming book, “Who We Be: The Colorization of America.”

“As a member of the hip hop generation, he has seen the power of art to move minds and bodies to elect the U.S.'s first Black president. The key question for our generation now is whether we are prepared to govern and ready to lead?” he said.

“Yo, are you serious?” chimed in Public Enemy front man and television personality Flava Flav, when learning of the news through The Final Call. “This is deep. He might be their Obama. His impact on the youth segment will be key though, to any success he could have in bringing the country together. Whoever does it (becomes president) has to bring the country together,” he said.

Haiti's politics and challenges

The country's most popular political party, Fanmi Lavalas, representing president-in-exile Aristide, is barred from participation in the upcoming election to choose a new president, 10 senators and 99 members of parliament.

There are also campaigns in Haiti calling for a return of another president-in-exile, Jean Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier, the infamous dictator of the 1980s in Haiti living in France. Mr. Aristide resides in South Africa.

Ravaged Jan. 12 by a deadly 7.0-magnitude earthquake that killed more than 250,000 people and left as many as 1.2 million homeless, Haiti has to rebuild its entire governmental infrastructure—not to mention its inhabitants who have not received aid promised by the international community.

Huge numbers of the capital's inhabitants remain in poor housing, live in tent cities or are homeless, and many are without clean water or security.

Quake survivors say poor governance, corruption and shoddy construction magnified the impact of January's quake.

“The rebuilding efforts are going very slow for many reasons,” said Mr. Monel, founder and president of Christians United for Haiti, Inc., a non-profit and missionary organization focused on leadership development.

Just back from Haiti, Mr. Monel said before the quake the country was in a leadership and financial crisis. “So, when the earthquake took place, 28 of the 29 government buildings had collapsed including the (presidential) palace. That caused major handicaps in response time. It took the president (Réne Préval) three to four days after the earthquake for him to make a statement. So the first job was for the government to get back on its feet.

“All of the Supreme Court judges died, several key government people died from the Congress in Haiti, the department of finance, vaccinations, you name it—have lost their lives,” he said.

Billions of dollars in pledges have been earmarked for country, by the global community and donors such as the Red Cross and others.

“However, on the ground,” said Mr. Monel, “you cannot tell where the monies are going. When it comes to shelter, millions of people are still living in tents. There are quiet medical outbreaks such as malaria; skin diseases like rashes and eczema, ringworms amongst the children. The living conditions are not clean,” he said.

Another crisis with very little attention he lamented is the rape and molestation of women and girls by criminals within tent cities and the psychological damage suffered as a result of the quake.

“There are no coordinated efforts to address the issues of shelter, health and safety issues of the survivors,” Mr. Monel said.

Vision versus experience in election?

“Win or lose, Clef's participation in this election has the potential to change the landscape of Haitian politics,” said his brother, Sam Jean, in an interview with the Christian Science Monitor. “It's going to bring an incredible amount of scrutiny, and that's good for the Haitian people.”

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“There are some advantages to this media coverage of Haiti, through this Wyclef Jean candidacy,” Ms. Danto said. “It won't help Mr. Jean. But it is an opportunity for those of us who care to bring the real Haiti narrative to the fore on this media frenzy leverage.”

At least 58 parties and 20 candidates are registered for the presidential race to succeed President Réne Préval, who is barred by constitution from seeking re-election. Voters will also select legislators and local officials as well. Among Mr. Jean's opposition is his uncle, Raymond Joseph, who until Aug. 1, was Haiti's ambassador to the United States. Mr. Joseph resigned to pursue his presidential aspirations, but insists he and his nephew are not running against each other. “We are family. And we won't allow politics to divide,” he said in published reports.

Another candidate is Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly, a musician and entertainer whose lyrics have poked fun at the Haitian presidency. Nowhere near the celebrity Wyclef, yet popular on the Caribbean island, Mr. Martelly earned the endorsement of Pras Michel, co-founding member of the Fugees with Wyclef, and his cousin.

“I just think that there are candidates that are more qualified than Wyclef at this point right now,” Pras said in an AP interview. “I saw him the other day, but I didn't get a sense of what is the real plan for Haiti. Haiti needs what I call a short term plan and a long term plan. You got 1.2 million people living in tent city right now. What are the plans to get these people out of tent city and into regular civilization?”

“Anybody has a right to run of course, if the elections were open—and they are not at this point,” said Dr. Akinyele Umoja, of the Department of African American Studies at Georgia State University. Wyclef Jean is aligned with reactionary elements in Haiti that vocally supported U.S. and CIA death squads that murdered thousands of Haitians, charged Dr. Uomja.

These death squads played a role in the Bush administration's 2004 coup of the popularly elected government of Mr. Aristide and Wyclef called these people “freedom fighters,” he added.

His uncle, Raymond Joseph, is also a major player in representing the Haitian elite's continued oppression of 90 percent of the Haitian population, Dr. Umoja continued. This is why the current Haitian U.S.-backed government is preventing Lavalas from participating in elections, he said.

In February of 2004, during an interview with MTV music news, Wyclef Jean voiced his support for embattled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to step down and asked his fans to remain hopeful of a better Haiti. Those comments, detractors say, showed support for the U.S. ouster of the president, but not everyone agrees with that view.

“The country's in an uproar; it's not safe. But for the safety of the country and to stop the violence, it has to be a situation where he steps down. If the president steps down, there will be some form of negotiation with the opposition force,” said Wyclef as Haiti was locked in a political stalemate that had deadly repercussions. The Aristide regime had also received little, if no support from the U.S., as the crisis and violence wore on.

“I don't consider those people rebels,” Wyclef told MTV news. “It's people standing up for their rights. It's not like these people just appeared out of nowhere and said, ‘Let's cause some trouble.' I think it's just built up frustration, anger, hunger, depression.”

Wyclef also asked his fans to understand that the uprising was not simply senseless violence. “What I want people to be clear about is it's not just people chopping up people for no reason. It's on the level of a civil war. People want the president that is currently the state to step down. And him stepping down will let the people make any kind of negotiation to come up with some form of peace,” he said in the midst of the 2004 crisis.

Those comments will likely be thoroughly discussed, dissected and deciphered as Wyclef's campaign goes forward.

“The fact that he is a celebrity, the fact that he has been found on the ground working and has established a connection with the people, does not necessarily mean he will be a good president,” said Dr. Ron Daniels, president of the Institute of the Black World 21st Century and founder of the Haiti Support Project.

“We have to see what his vision is, what he is articulating and what his platform is. This is a serious moment in the history of the country. What his plan is and how he intends to move forward has to be understood.”

Regarding the Wyclef's comments of 2004, Dr. Daniels responded, “I won't say he (Wyclef) is the most politically astute and there is no question that the American government was absolutely wrong in ousting President Aristide, but that is not the whole story,” Dr. Daniels said. “All of us should always be aware of the origins of history. Here, Wyclef was someone on the ground, who saw a situation that needed to be corrected. He did not have the answer, all he saw was his home in crisis.”

In Dr. Daniels opinion, Wyclef made an emotional response minus the politics and wanted a change in his people's existence. And, though he might have been found on the wrong side of the U.S. action, Dr. Daniels continued, “I think Wyclef and Ambassador Joseph through their actions since the earthquake have acquitted themselves well. I am sure they will have to address that time period. I would not have worked with them five years ago, but this is the way history moves.”

“As for Wyclef in particular, when you are building a country you have to work with a broad sector of people even as you build your own political core. Who does he see as assembling around him to make the team that will make up for his lack of political experience? I've never seen experience in and of itself as the sole qualification for office nor celebrity. The vision and platform are the most important things,” Dr. Daniels said.

Possible making of a youth movement

Wyclef believes his presidential run can impact youth and it appears his desire to impact Haiti's youth served as a major reason why he decided to run for office.

“I had to take a position in office so that the youth population in Haiti, which is over 50 percent of the population, we can start to provide a way to get them out of the mess that they are in,” he said, on the Fas a Fas Movement Web site. He is a founder of the Fas a Fas Movement.

“The media will forget Haiti,” the movement's mission statement reads. “They probably already have done. We will not! Activists around the world, young Haitians, and this movement will report what happens, without censorship, without servility. Through this movement the young Haitians, abandoned by the media, will become the media, establishing a permanent observatory of the territory, exposing corruption, other anomalies and injustices, so they will not remain unpunished any more.”

Haitian elections historically have been volatile and the country has a long history of dictatorships, supported by the U.S., followed by years of political turmoil and civil unrest. The November vote is viewed as a key step towards rebuilding the country and its political institutions.

The United Nations has pledged observers and security for the vote and other international bodies have promised a strong monitoring presence.

On Aug. 6, the Organization of American States and the regional umbrella group for Caribbean nations also promised a thorough observer mission to monitor the electoral process, from candidate registration through the proclamation of results.

The estimated cost of holding the election is $44 million, a tab paid primarily through international donors. OAS and CARICOM diplomats have said that this is the most expensive mission ever undertaken by both groups.

Related news:

A Voice For Haiti, A Voice For All Our Rise (FCN, Minister Farrakhan)

Wycleff Jean and Haiti's uphill road (FinalCall.com Editorial, 08-10-2010)

Analyzing Haiti's history of hardship (Web Video, 01-14-2010)

Disaster hits Haiti: Magnitude 7.0 Earthquake (FCN, 01-13-2010)

Naomi Klein issues warning on "Disaster Capitalism" in Haiti (FCN, 01-14-2010)

How the U.S. impoverished Haiti (FCN, 09-10-2003)

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FROM THE FINAL CALL NEWSPAPER

A Response to Rabbi Abraham Cooper on The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews

By Jackie Muhammad | Last updated: Aug 4, 2010 - 4:26:24 PM

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(On July 15, 2010 Rabbi Abraham Cooper, associate dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center wrote an article titled “The Road to Nowhere: Tracing Farrakhan's Anti-Jewish Paranoia” which was also republished on the Huffington Post. This was written in response.)

To: Rabbi Abraham Cooper
From: Jackie Muhammad
Re: The Road to Nowhere: Tracing Farrakhan's Anti-Jewish Paranoia
Date: July 16, 2010

Dear Rabbi Cooper:

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‘The experience and finances the Jews gained in perfecting the movement of human cargo from East Africa to Asia, added to the expertise they employed in the sale, transportation, and auctioning of West Africans into America and the Western world several hundred years later. So to deny that the Jewish people did not play a major role in the enslavement of Black people in America, in light of these historical truths, is quite dishonest.’
—Jackie Muhammad

I read your essay “The Road to Nowhere: Tracing Farrakhan's Anti-Jewish Paranoia” with a great deal of interest and consternation. Permit me, for the purposes of historical accuracy, to respond to several of the points you raise in your missive.

Apparently, you have not read the book The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Vol. 2; nor is it apparent that you have heard either of Minister Farrakhan's two speeches (June 26 and July 11, 2010) titled “Who Are The Real Children of Israel?” The book, in my opinion, is a mesmerizing masterpiece. The speeches were nothing short of brilliant, coming from the mind of a spiritual genius.

Why do I use such adjectives to describe the speeches and this tome? The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Vol. 2, to which The Minister in his speeches refers, is over 400 pages in length and contains more than 2,000 footnotes. Each controversial aspect of what is written is fully annotated, primarily from Jewish historians, writers, and rabbis like you. As an educator I have not read any similar scholarly treatise with as much proof backing every claim made. Therefore, to compare either volume of The Secret Relationship to Mr. Ford's diatribe, The International Jew, and The Protocols of the Elders of Zion is both specious and historically inaccurate.

Your claim—which you attribute to historian Jacob Rader Marcus—that “American Jewish businessmen were accountable for less than two percent of the slave imports into the West Indies and North America” is misleading. Jews, though a tiny portion of the White population, became significant players in the economies of the Caribbean and the Americas. According to Jewish scholar Dr. Arnold Wiznitzer, Jews “dominated the slave trade. ... The buyers who appeared at the auctions were almost always Jews, and because of this lack of competitors, they could buy slaves at low prices.”

According to the co-author of your essay, Simon Wiesenthal Center's Dr. Harold Brackman, during the 1600s “slave trading in Brazil became a ‘Jewish' mercantile specialty in much the same way it had been in early medieval Europe.” Rabbi Marc Lee Raphael wrote that in Curacao in the seventeenth century, as well as in Barbados and Jamaica in the eighteenth century, “Jewish merchants played a major role in the slave trade.” In fact, the Jewish Encyclopedia states that “Jewish commercial activity” in this time included a “monopoly of the slave trade.” And the largest shipments of Africans arriving in New York in the first half of the 1700s were commissioned by Jewish merchants. I could go on and on, but you really ought to read The Secret Relationship Between Blacks and Jews, Vol. 1.

The Jewish participation in the slave trade was an international business enterprise. For example, the unparalleled success of the House of Rothschild, an international banking and business enterprise based in Germany, was started from the proceeds of American slavery. Profits from slavery built factories and established the most extensive banking system in Europe at that time. The proceeds of slave labor fueled the Industrial Revolution.

I am sure you are familiar with the expression used in the South during and after slavery, “cotton was king.” According to a book footnoted in SR Vol. 2, Cotton and Race in the Making of America by Gene Dattel, cotton was America's largest export between 1803 and 1937. It was the single biggest engine of Western expansion. It was a German Jewish immigrant, Morris Ranger, of Galveston, Texas who “held the key to the cotton trade of the world” and became one of the largest cotton operators in the world. Mill owners Herman and Emanuel Sternberger of Greensboro, North Carolina “helped to transform their sleepy town into an industrial center” and were called the “cotton king.” For many Jews “cotton was gold.” The international trade in cotton made numerous Jews fabulously wealthy. The now defunct financial giant Lehman Brothers began as the owner of “a string of plantations” and slaves. Cotton mill owner Jacob Elsas retired “with a cool $10,000,000 to his credit.”

Your claim that “Jewish owners of plantations … were decidedly outnumbered by free Blacks who owned other African Americans” is a decidedly misleading and disingenuous statement. Many of these “free” Blacks claimed their relatives and friends from their former slave masters and housed them on their farms as a means of removing them from the dehumanizing plantation life of their Jewish and Gentile overlords. But they certainly did not “outnumber” the many Jews, who owned, insured, and financed slave ships and outfitted them with chains and shackles, or the many Jews who were auctioneers, brokers, and wholesalers, or the many Jews who, according to Dr. Jacob Rader Marcus, “were active as plantation owners.” Rabbi and historian Dr. Bertram W. Korn, whom you quote, confessed that “… many Southern Jews believed slavery to be indispensable to their happiness and security.”

Of course, these so-called free Blacks also suffered under the repressive slave codes, or Black codes, which Jews actually helped to create and never, ever had to face. Not only that, there were many, many, many Jewish office-holders in the South who—long before the Civil War—were officially responsible for law enforcement tasks that included the apprehension and punishment of Black people who wanted freedom more than slavery. In addition, according to a noted Jewish historian, “[s]ince emancipation, Jews in Dixie had helped to readjust state and local laws and customs to keep Blacks substantially less equal in their freedom.” In other words, Jews helped to create the very Jim Crow laws that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Civil Rights Movement struggled to uproot!

You say in your essay that “Jewish owners of plantations … constituted only a tiny proportion of the [slave holding] Southerners.” Yet Dr. Harold Brackman wrote, in an article in the Encyclopedia of American Jewish History titled “Black-Jewish Relations in the Nineteenth Century,” that “Jews were about twice as likely to be slave owners as the average White Southerner.” Rabbi Dr. Korn wrote: “It would seem to be realistic to conclude that any Jew who could afford to own slaves and had need for their services would do so. ... Jews participated in every aspect and process of the exploitation of the defenseless Blacks.” In fact, the Jewish Encyclopedia in 1901 made an astounding claim that put Jewish Americans at the epicenter of the slavocracy: “[T]he cotton-plantations in many parts of the South were wholly in the hands of the Jews, and as a consequence slavery found its advocates among them.”

One of the side effects of our enslavement in America at the hands of our “Jewish friends” was the psychological damage done to Black people that made us become haters of self. However, I am also aware that Black people do not have a monopoly on self-hatred. Are you aware that the same disease affects Jewish people? Are you familiar with the term Judenrat? They were Jews in Poland and the occupied territories of the Soviet Union who collaborated with the Nazi Germans to sell out and betray their own people.

I challenge you to name one so-called Black slave owner who used the profits gained from slavery to purchase publications like the New York Times to degrade Black people. Adolph Ochs, a racist, White supremacist Nashville, Tenn., and Jewish used the New York Times—which he purchased with loans from colleagues who made money from the profits from slavery, one of whom was the Rothschilds' New York agent, August Belmont—to refer to Black people as “animals,” “niggers,” and “coons.” None of Ochs's Jewish backers admonished him for his racial animus.

I challenge you to show how a handful of so-called Black slave owners can possibly compare to the legions of Jewish immigrants from Poland, France, and Germany who exited from boats on American shores, were handed packs of manufactured goods and products, sent to the South and directed to establish country stores on the plantations, and parlayed those plantation stores into multibillion dollar mega stores like Macy's, Gimbels, Blumenthal's, Sachs, Neiman Marcus, and Rich's.

Surely, Rabbi Cooper, you are not comparing so-called Black slave owners to Judah P. Benjamin, a Jewish member of the U.S. Senate, the Confederate Secretary of State, and Secretary of War, a close confidant of President Jefferson Davis, and the person who used his relationship with the international bankers to arrange to have another Jew, French banker Emile Erlanger, loan the Confederacy $7 million. No wonder he became known as the “brains of the Confederacy.” And, by the way, Secretary Benjamin was the owner of a 140-slave plantation.

Finally, I challenge you to give me the name of one so-called Black slave owner who produced the Talmudic-based Curse of Ham Myth as a justification for Black inferiority and White superiority and use that myth as a justification for the enslavement of millions of Black people around the world. Discussing the Jewish invention of the Hamitic Myth, Dr. Harold Brackman wrote: “[T]here is no denying that the Babylonian Talmud was the first source to read a Negrophobic content into [the Biblical story of Noah]...”

Are you familiar with a Jewish group called the Radanites? The Radanites were Jewish merchant traders who rose to power in the Middle Ages. Their influence held sway all over the known world. These global merchants spoke every major tongue in the world, namely, Arabic, Persian, Roman, the language of the Franks, Andalusians and Slavs. They traveled from east to west and west to east. They were the only group of traders allowed into both the Muslim world and the Christian regions. They monopolized the trade routes from India to China to Africa and Turkey and all routes in between. They trafficked in spices, raw materials, weapons and especially slaves, both White and Black.

One reason they monopolized global trade was that they were permitted to do so by both the Muslims and the Christians. Muslim goods were permitted into Christian territories, but the Muslims themselves were not. Likewise, Christian goods were allowed into Muslim nations, but Christians were not. The Jews, however, were not only permitted as middle men, but they were permitted to travel freely between both nations of people. And they were protected by both religious groups. When the Muslims ruled in Spain and spurred the rebirth of civilization in Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire, Jews were given privileged positions throughout Western Europe. One can reasonably argue, therefore, that the greatest freedom the Jewish people ever experienced was under the tutelage and protection of the nations of Islam.

As previously mentioned, the Jewish Radanites played a central role in the trafficking of human cargo. They supplied the Iraqis with African slaves from Zanzibar. These Africans were called the Zanj. They developed such a significant presence in Iraq in the 9th Century A.D. that their presence caused a security threat for the nation. Subsequently, the revolt of these slaves led to one of the great rebellions of world history and the first major uprising in the history of the African Diaspora.

Scottish-born Louis Isaac Rabinowitz (1906–1984), historian, author, Chief Rabbi of United Hebrew Congregation, Johannesburg, South Africa, and an expert on the subject, wrote several published works on the Radanites. It has been concluded that they became so wealthy that when the lucrative trade routes were shut down by the new rulers of the Tang Dynasty, the emerging Venetian merchants, who viewed them as a threat, and the ousting of Jewish traders by the Christian Crusaders, they had to pursue other occupations. From the enormous profits they gained from the trade in slaves and raw materials, the Radanites parlayed their gains into money lending, and pawn broking. Rabinowitz joins another Jewish author, Joseph Jacobs, author of Jewish Contributions to Civilization, and states that they emerged as the leading bankers of Europe. Indeed, the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia (1948) states unequivocally that “[i]n Eastern Europe there were very recently countries in which 90 percent or more of the trades was in Jewish hands; in some branches of trade and export they controlled the entire 100 percent.” It goes on to say: “Here [Central Europe during the 18th and the beginning of the 19th centuries] they were pioneers in the primary stages of capitalist development and therefore held a dominant position in these cultural economic functions which may be called the nervous system of capitalist economy. Banking, the stock market, export and import fall within this classification.”

The experience and finances the Jews gained in perfecting the movement of human cargo from East Africa to Asia, added to the expertise they employed in the sale, transportation, and auctioning of West Africans into America and the Western world several hundred years later. So to deny that the Jewish people did not play a major role in the enslavement of Black people in America, in light of these historical truths, is quite dishonest.

Furthermore, Rabbi Cooper, you mention that 78 percent of the Jewish vote went to elect Barack Obama as president. All people support a candidate based on their enlightened self-interests. As long as Jewish people felt President Obama would serve their interests, they voted for him. Now, Jewish people are calling Mr. Obama some of the vilest names imaginable. A relative of the Prime Minister of Israel called the president a racist and an anti-Semite. What they don't say is that the State of Israel did more to support the racist, Apartheid government of South Africa than any other nation on Earth. If Israel did not support that racist settler state with its technical knowledge of a nuclear delivery system, then the colonial oppressors could have been defeated much sooner and numerous Black lives could have been saved. The same analogy could be made here in America. If our “Jewish friends” had not in fact been at the very center of the trans-Atlantic slave trade as merchants, financiers, shippers, and insurers and among the leading international marketers of the products of African slave labor, America's slavocracy could have been defeated sooner, and untold Black lives could have been saved.

How different is the Jews' collaboration with the Ku Klux Klan in the South in the 1800s any different from the Jewish nation of Israel's collaboration with racist, apartheid, settler state of South Africa in the 1970s? In reading SR Vol. 2 many of the Jews who fought on the side of the Confederate Army were key supporters of the KKK. For example, one of Birmingham's leading businessmen, Jewish pawnbroker Joe Denaburg, supplied the Klan with both weapons and sheets, and referred to members of the Klan as personal friends of his. Mr. Denaburg was not a lone operative. SR2 is replete with myriad examples of Jewish collaborations with the Klan throughout the South. Hence, it should come as no surprise that there was a secret collaboration between the racist apartheid state of South Africa and Israel.

Therefore, those who are insidiously referred to as our “friends” have been cruel, craven and cowardly. This does not serve your people or mine. Both of us might agree that the time for a transition in that relationship has come. Unless we are prepared to factor into this equation the solutions proffered by the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan then a viable and amicable solution to this century's old dilemma will continue to elude us.

(Jackie Muhammad is a presidential appointee, member of the Oxford Round Table, educator, youth-trainer and businessman He can be reached at jacrb519@aol [dot] com.)

For more information on the topic visit www.BlacksandJews.com.

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